Tax season is officially here. The IRS began accepting paper and electronic tax returns on Monday, January the 27th and the due date for 2019 federal income tax returns is April 15, 2020, for most individual taxpayers. By now you’re probably somewhere between assembling a stack of envelopes with “Important Tax Document” written on the front and having everything input into TurboTax or ready for your CPA save those last few 1099s, of course. Either way, I thought I might point out a few potential ways you can still reduce your 2019 tax bill, proactively impact your 2020 bill, and hopefully be smart as you file before April 15th.
Is there anything you can do to reduce your 2019 tax bill?
Many of the things you can do to reduce your tax bill needed to be done prior to the end of last year, however there are a few things you might consider that could improve your 2019 tax situation.
Make a contribution to a traditional, Roth or SEP IRA: This can be a great and easy way to save for the future and improve your tax situation. Knowing which one is best for you, how much to contribute, and how it might impact your tax bill is complex but definitely worth checking into if you or your spouse had earned income (W-2 or 1099) in 2019. It sometimes makes sense to contribute to one even if you feel like you don’t have the cash flow. How? By using money invested in a savings account or taxable brokerage account assuming, of course, that money is invested for the long haul. A Roth IRA contribution won’t save you any money of your 2019 taxes but it still could be a good thing to do. You have until April 15, 2020 to make an IRA contribution for the 2019 tax year. SEP IRA contributions are allowed up until the end of your extension period if you file for one.
Contribute to your Health Savings Account (HSA): If you are enrolled in a high-deductible health insurance plan (HDHP), you may qualify for an HSA. HSA stands for Health Savings Account, and it’s a handy way to save for medical expenses and reduce your taxable income. That’s because the accounts get a triple tax benefit: The money you contribute reduces your taxable income, it grows tax-free, and withdrawals are tax-free, if used for qualified health expenses. Each year, you decide how much to contribute to your HSA account, though you cannot exceed government-mandated maximums. In 2019, these limits are $3,500 for an individual and $7,000 for a family; adults over 55 can add up to $1,000 more. Because of their tax advantages and because any unused dollars roll over to the next year, HSA’s can also be a great place to save for medical expenses that might occur during your retirement. Click here to read more about the many benefits HSAs offer. You can make a 2019 contribution to an HSA up until April 15, 2020.
What can you do to proactively improve your 2020 tax return?
If you’re a regular reader you’ve seen some of these before, but the following strategies can have a big impact on your tax liability.
Increase your pretax 401(k) or 403(b) contributions: Anyone with access to a 401(k) or 403(b) can contribute up to $19,500 in pretax dollars this year. If you’re over age 50 and participate in one of the above retirement plans you can take advantage of the $6,500 catch-up provision that raises your annual contribution limit to $26,000.
Review your charitable giving strategy: It’s too late to do any giving that would impact your 2019 return but now is a good time to consider your giving plan for 2020. Does your current giving strategy have a positive impact on your tax situation? Should you donate shares of appreciated stock, use a “Lumping and Clumping” strategy or, if you’re taking Required Minimum Distributions (RMDs) from your retirement accounts, should you give via a Qualified Charitable Distribution (QCD)?
Review your 1099 tax forms: At Beacon, we believe that a good investment process should focus on the things you can control – like taxes. That means that we do most of our portfolio rebalancing in qualified accounts, use tax efficient ETFs and place each of the investments we select for our clients in the most tax efficient type of account. Ignore any of these important tactics and you could end up with a multi-page 1099 that causes you to pay more in taxes than necessary. If your 1099 from your brokerage account is more than a couple pages long or is having a negative impact on your tax bill it might be time to review your investment process.
Pay for childcare or healthcare expenses via a Flexible Spending Account (FSA): An FSA is a type of savings account offered through an employer that allows you to pay for qualified childcare and healthcare expenses with pretax dollars. There are limits on how much you can contribute and any money in your FSA must be used prior to the end of the year but they can still be a good deal if you have predictable childcare or healthcare expenses.
Adjust your withholding: The 2018 tax code overhaul brought about a lot of changes. One things it did was lower most individual tax brackets while also changing the withholding tables employers must follow. If you end up owing a chunk of change on your 2019 taxes it’s probably a good idea to consider adjusting your tax withholding from your paycheck or IRA distribution. Alternatively, you could consider making quarterly payments.
Is there anything else to think about as you file this year’s tax return?
Consider filing your taxes sooner rather than later: Doing so reduces the chances of a criminal using stolen personal information to file a fraudulent return and claim a refund in your name. You’ll also get your refund sooner if you overpaid. Just make sure you have all your 1099s and K-1s before you file.
File electronically: The IRS processes electronic returns faster than paper ones. If you’re due a refund it could come 3 to 6 weeks earlier if you file electronically and the IRS checks electronic returns to make sure they are complete. This may shock you, but less than 1% of electronic returns have an error compared with 20% of paper returns. In addition, the IRS acknowledges the receipt of electronic returns which should give you peace of mind knowing your return has been received. Owing taxes doesn’t get in the way of filing electronically, either. Just send your payment in along with Form 1040-V or pay with direct debit. You can pay with a credit card and get the points but expect to pay a 2.5% service charge to do so which wipes out any potential benefit.
At Beacon, we don’t prepare tax returns but we do pay a lot of attention to ways to save you money when it comes to your tax bill. Whether it’s figuring out if an IRA contribution makes sense, reviewing your investment portfolio for tax leaks, or constructing an ideal giving strategy, we’re here to help. Is there anything we can do to improve your tax situation?